Mon State stands along the upper part of the Taninthayi coastal strip. There are islands, hills, equatorial forests, cropland and plantations. Mawlamyaing, the third largest city in Myanmar, is the capital of Mon State. The famous Kyaik HtiY o Pagoda is located north of Kyaikhto. Thaton is the capital of ancient Mon Kingdom, much earlier than Bagan. There are many beautiful sea resorts such as Kyaikkami and Setse. There is a War Memorial in Thanbyuzayat, connected with the Bridge on the River Kwai. Mawlamyaing is accessible by air, train or car from Yangon. As regards road and railways, the railroad starts from Yangon. It goes on from Mawlamyaing to Yay while the motor road goes on beyond the boundary of Mon State right down to Myeik. Heading towards the eastern border with Thailand, there are two routes. The first is the Mawlamyine-Kawkareik-Myawady-Maesot route and the second the Three Pagodas route starting from Thanbyuzayat. There are proper roads linking all the towns in Mon State.
The interesting places in Mon State are
KyaikHtiYo Pagoda(Golden Rock)
This mystical pagoda stands on a gold gilded boulder, precariously perched on the edge of the hill over 1100 km above sea level. Kyaikhto, the town at foot of the hill, is about 160 km from Yangon. It is a 11 kilometer uphill climb for the hikers from Kin pun base camp. There is also a steep winding road for 4- wheel drive cars from the base to the nearest point of the pagoda. There are many legends about the Pagoda and the 'nats' or 'spirits'. Kyaikhto Hotel and Golden Rock Hotel have modern facilities for tourists.
Mawlamyaing, a charming town, is the capital of Mon state, situated at the mouth of the Thanlyin River (Salween River). It is easily accessible by road and rail from Yangon.
Sites to see in Mawlamyaing are Kyaikthanlan Pagoda, Uzena Pagoda, Caves of Kawgaun and Payon, famous for its countless Buddha images, stalagmites and stalactites.
Kyaikkhami Pagoda, perched on the rocks by the sea and joined to the land by a covered causeway, is the main attraction.
About 34 km from Mawlamyaing is Thanbyuzayet, an Allied War Memorial Cemetery for the prisoners of war who lost their lives in the building of the famous Death Railway across the River Kwai.
Dawei (Tavoy), Myeik (Mergui) and Taninthayi, are the famous towns on the Tanint Thayi Coast (Tennaserim) which can be visited by guided tours with prior permission.
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